Freight Expediting


900 St. Clair Blvd.
Chicago, IL 60609

August 1990

Gazelle Expediting seeks to create a nationwide network of air freight forwarding agents. It plans to accomplish this by recruiting independent freight expediters who are being pinched by competition, as well as agents who are dissatisfied with their current network relationship. Gazelle proposes to provide corporate support functions and perquisites to motivate its agents to excel, thus ensuring the growth of Gazelle Expediting.


The goal of Gazelle Expediting Inc. is to establish a worldwide air freight forwarding network consisting of independent agent members, operating under one corporate name.

In today's competitive marketplace there exists the opportunity to establish a cohesive group of independent agents. These agents can be successful by working within a well-planned organization offering discounted transportation costs and effective marketing strategies. You can attract well-qualified, motivated, independent agent members by giving them unique opportunities within the corporation, such as:

The company will grow based on the acquisition of agents nationwide operating under the Gazelle Expediting corporate identity. Ms. Smith (see executive summary), a current agent member, understands the needs, desires and motivations of her associates. Well respected in the air freight industry, she will use her extensive contacts for the development and growth of Gazelle Expediting.

Agent members who want to not only survive but to be successful and profitable must be aligned with a finely-tuned, streamlined organization. Gazelle Expediting will have progressive "state of the art" techniques and equipment for minimizing costs and maximizing profits, including an IBM computer system designed specifically for the air freight industry. Advanced administrative support systems will be geared to the growth of the individual agents and the corporation as a whole. By custom designing our strategies we will have the flexibility to meet the needs of various marketplaces. Gazelle Expediting will continually strive to acquire only the best available agent members so that all involved will experience exemplary levels of service and commitment to our business.

Based on the acquisition of a minimum of 6 agent members per year, first-year revenues should total $3,200,000. Projected growth should lead to gross revenues of $37,250,000 with 32 established agent members by the fifth year.


Owner and president of Gazelle Expedited, Inc., Jane Q. Smith, will be the president and chief executive officer of Gazelle Expediting Inc. Gazelle Expedited was incorporated in 1988 and is located in Chicago, Illinois. The business has been growing over 200% per annum and has revenues exceeding $60,000 monthly.

Ms. Smith graduated from Illinois State University with a B.S. degree (cum laude). Ms. Smith has over 14 years of air freight experience. Half of those years were spent with the former number-one domestic forwarding company, Burlington Northern Air Freight. The other years were split between an independent agent and an agent member operation. Ms. Smith has experience in various management positions ranging from operations, sales, marketing and administrative duties. Her instincts and abilities have been developed, enabling her to make appropriate management decisions, which are critical in this rapidly changing field. Ms. Smith has established and maintained the significant nationwide business contacts necessary for the superior performance demanded in this field. She has the background and qualities necessary to direct and guide a successful air freight forwarding network.


Gazelle Expediting Inc. is a management company incorporated in the State of Illinois. The primary purpose of Gazelle Expediting is to form and manage a network of agent members under one national banner that will facilitate the movement of freight from point of pick up to its ultimate destination.

Agent members will be responsible for local sales, marketing, pick up, packaging, routing, delivery, freight monitoring, customer service contact and expediting.

Gazelle Expediting will provide the necessary administrative support systems to the agent members. This will include:

Computer systems will be designed for rapid invoicing of receivables, quick turnaround of all critical documents, and the necessary cash management controls.

An in-depth knowledge of the industry, coupled with creative problem solving and rapid decision making will allow the corporation to both support and motivate agents to excel in performance, paving the way for their substantial growth.

Strong management and advanced support systems will permit agent members to focus their energies on marketing and customer satisfaction, thereby maximizing their market growth opportunities. This will be reflected in the individual growth of the agent members and the total growth of the management organization, Gazelle Expediting Inc.


Air cargo is an $8 billion a year industry which has experienced a growth of approximately 20% per annum for the past several years. While market growth is expected to slow for the coming 3-5 years, it is still expected to exceed the GNP.

The industry has six significant cargo carriers who own their equipment. These six players handle approximately 75% of the air cargo business, comprised of both direct customer shipments and air freight forwarders' shipments. Identifiable air freight forwarders number between 500 and 600. Their organizations are either wholly owned, agent member, or independents. Local independents are estimated to number approximately 15,000.

Contracting agents for Gazelle Expediting will be drawn from both existing air freight forwarders and independent agents. These agents are generating revenues from $500,000 to $10,000,000 annually with net profits ranging from 5% to 10%. Agents will generally be located within a quarter mile of a major metropolitan airport.

Gazelle Expediting will solicit agent members based upon their reputation for excelling in performance and growth. Integrity and trust are additional selecting factors in this industry, which operates based on verbal direction and quick decision making.

Cash flow and/or the increase in profits and services are the major reasons to align with an agent member corporation. Payables are due within 15 to 30 days and receivables are on a 30- to 90-day float. The major cost factors are the actual transportation charges. These costs are discounted based on escalating volume, allowing the larger networks to be more competitive and putting the smaller organizations at a disadvantage, thereby giving independent agents a strong motivation to join a growth-oriented organization.

A three-year exclusive contract will be established with each agent member, specifying each party's respective responsibilities and defining the commission split. For providing their management and billing services, Gazelle Expediting will retain 40% of the gross net profit (gross revenue minus all related transportation costs). This is equal to approximately 17.4% of the gross revenue.

Following is a conservative growth expectation forecast, upon which the financial projections have been based. The first agent member will be Gazelle Expedited (owned by Ms. Smith). Five more agent members have been pre-selected, with two verbally committed to membership and three expressing extremely strong intentions of joining the organization. These agents have gross revenues ranging from $500,000 to $3,000,000 per year. Agent members will be expected to sell at a minimum gross profit margin of 40%, ensuring profitable margins. A minimum of six new agent members will be added each year.

Advanced administrative systems handling support functions will be in place the first month of operation. Agent members and independents who are experiencing dissatisfaction with their current arrangements and who meet previously stated guidelines will be contacted. Unique incentives for participation will include a Member Advisory Council, profit sharing based on profitability and gross revenues, and opportunities to participate in group insurance and pension plans. Operational and marketing material, designed to attract new business, will be supplied free of charge. Airline and transportation discounts are already in place and escalating discounts will be available as volume increases. National account coordination will be handled through Gazelle Expediting Inc. headquarters.

Marketing efforts will be concentrated in the top one hundred metropolitan areas of the United States and Canada. Market research to locate and target the most suitable agent members and independents will be an ongoing operational task.

Gazelle Expediting will have six agent members generating $3,200,000 the first year of operation. Six additional agent members will be added in Year 2 and seven agent members in Year 3, generating $13,650,000 in revenues. Years 4 and 5 see additional agent member acquisitions totaling 32 members and generating $37,250,000. Emphasis will shift to include both domestic and international growth until an appropriate balance is reached, allowing us to take advantage of the free trade agreement with Canada, the European unification and other opportunities as they become available.


Major competitors include General, United, All-Purpose, Lineway, Best, First By Air, and other similar air freight management organizations. All are existing agent member network corporations with established market recognition factors. Gross revenues differ per corporation from a low of $5 million to a high of $100 million. Varying degrees of ultimate customer and agent member loyalty exist, based on pricing policies and ability to deliver expected levels of service.

These companies offer differing kinds of transportation discounts, negotiated contractual agreements, printed market materials, accounts receivable and payable processing, and administrative support systems. The contracts with the agent members offer commission splitting of gross net profit (gross invoice minus all transportation costs). The commission split ranges from 50/50 to 35/65, with 35% to the management corporation and 65% to the agent member.

Major market weaknesses include ineffective accounts receivable and payable management, untimely commission payments, lack of organization and direction, and inadequate marketing support systems. While agent members have virtually no say in operational policies and procedures, almost all marketing planning and strategy development is left up to the individual agent member to implement.

Agent member management companies are generally outdated in their management systems and policies, which has resulted in reduced profitably and growth and increased agent member dissatisfaction. Agent members feel thwarted by the various obstacles and, hence, lack motivation to develop and excel.


The target market consists of mid-sized ($500,000 to $10,000,000 per annum) independent and agent member forwarders who are located in the top 100 major metropolitan areas and who aspire to grow in an aggressive, controlled manner.

These agents routinely handle shipments of 70-plus pounds at an average 40%, or better, gross profit. They excel in handling expedited and critical freight movements, providing exemplary service and commitment to their customers. They have demonstrated in their marketplace that values such as trust, integrity and personal involvement are keys to their success.

They have operations, marketing and cash flow considerations, which will be enhanced by aligning themselves with Gazelle Express Service.

Extensive feedback from various agent members indicates a crucial need for a strong management company with which to align.




Month 1

Month 2

Months 3 & 4

Months 5 & 6

Months 7-12


Attached is the income and cash flow projection for five years. Financing is based on receivables (partial customer list available upon request), borrowing and an initial investment of $50,000. The interest rate used is 12.5%. The cost of sale is 82.6% of gross revenues, based on paying 56.5% for transportation costs and 26.1% for commission. The financial projections follow the market plan previously discussed.

Income and Cash Flow Projection

Freight Expediting Business Plan

  Year 1 Year 2 Year 3 Year 4 Year 5
Revenue 3,200,000 7,500,000 13,650,000 20,750,000 37,250,000
Cost of Sales 2,643,200 6,195,000 11,274,900 17,139,500 30,768,500
Gross Profit 556,800 1,305,000 2,375,100 3,610,500 6,481,500
Expenses 372,350 598,400 1,051,050 1,463,500 2,462,500
Interest 25,000 37,500 187,500 0 0
  397,350 635,900 1,069,800 1,463,500 2,462,500
Income 159,450 669,100 1,305,300 2,147,000 4,019,000
Fed Income Tax 54,213 227,494 443,802 729,980 1,366,460
Net Income 105,237 441,606 861,498 1,417,020 2,652,540
Receivables -533,333 -716,667 -1,025,000 -1,183,333 -2,750,000
Payables 220,267 295,983 423,325 488,717 1,135,750
Cash Available (Used) 207,830 20,923 259,823 722,403 1,038,290
Receivable Loan 200,000 100,000 -300,000 0 0
Investment 50,000 0 0 0 0
Cash Flow 42,170 120,923 -40,177 722,403 1,038,290

Expense Analysis

Freight Expediting Business Plan

  Year 1 Year 2 Year 3 Year 4 Year 5
Payroll 135,000 240,000 485,000 690,000 1,250,000
Payroll Taxes 33,750 60,000 121,250 172,500 312,500
Office Expense 20,000 23,000 25,000 30,000 35,000
Computer Expense 50,000 60,000 75,000 85,000 105,000
Communications 24,000 36,000 54,000 81,000 160,000
Insurance 10,000 20,000 35,000 50,000 80,000
Professional 20,000 30,000 45,000 55,000 70,000
Marketing 25,000 40,000 65,000 90,000 120,000
Rent 9,600 14,400 20,000 25,000 35,000
Printing 20,000 40,000 75,800 125,000 225,000
Travel & Ent 25,000 35,000 50,000 60,000 70,000
Total Expenses 372,350 598,400 1,051,050 1,463,500 2,462,500


A partial account list is available upon request. It lists the names, addresses and phone numbers of more than 70 accounts. Most of these are in the metropolitan area, although approximately 10% of them are located throughout the United States and Ontario, Canada.

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