A health promotion program—sometimes known as a wellness program—is a type of employee benefit that encompasses the various efforts companies make to promote and maintain their employees' health. Examples of health promotion programs might include company-sponsored smoking cessation training, visits with a nutritionist to receive information about healthy cooking, discounted fitness center memberships, or free cholesterol testing.

Offering health promotion programs to employees provides small businesses with a number of potential benefits. For example, they may decrease their health care costs, increase worker productivity, reduce absenteeism, and encourage employee loyalty. In addition to improving their general health, work-based health promotion programs also make employees feel that the company is concerned about their welfare, which tends to increase their job satisfaction. "Keeping your workers healthy year-round is a great way to decrease absenteeism and improve morale," Ellen Paris wrote in an article for Entrepreneur. "Free cancer screenings, educational seminars, and flu shots may not sound like fun perks, but employees appreciate them."

Health promotion programs have increased in popularity in recent years. A study by the consulting firm Hewitt Associates reported in HR Magazine found that 93 percent of American companies offered some sort of health promotion program as of 1999, up from 88 percent five years earlier. Among the most popular wellness programs were educational work-shops and seminars, counseling on lifestyle habits that contribute to chronic conditions, screenings for high cholesterol and high blood pressure, and flu shots. The Hewitt study revealed that 72 percent of U.S. companies offer education and training as part of their wellness programs, while 27 percent offer health risk appraisals to promote early detection of treatable conditions. About 40 percent of employers offer some sort of incentive for employees who participate in company-sponsored health programs.

The cost of health promotion programs is relatively low, given the potential savings small businesses might realize in reduced health care costs. Flu shots cost about $20 per employee, according to Paris, while cholesterol screening costs about $5 per employee. Many basic wellness services are available through the employer outreach programs of local hospitals and visiting nurse associations. Another option for companies is to provide employees with access to health information on the Internet. "We are also finding that employers are increasingly using online technology to deliver health education incentives," health care consultant Camille Haltom told Bill Leonard in HR Magazine. "Online technology provides convenient access for participants, can potentially increase participation in health management, and is cost-effective for employers when compared with traditional approaches."


Gordon, Joe. "A Healthier Bottom Line: Wellness Programs Raise Employee Productivity, Morale." Washington Business Journal. October 24, 1997.

Leonard, Bill. "Health Promotion Programs Grow in Popularity." HR Magazine. May 2000.

Paris, Ellen. "Fit for Work: Everyone Wins with Health Promotion Programs." Entrepreneur. April 2001.

Powell, Don R. "Characteristics of Successful Wellness Programs." Employee Benefits Journal. September 1999.

Scott, Miriam Basch. "Effectiveness of Health Promotion Programs Still an Open Question." Employee Benefit Plan Review. May 1997.

Storlie, Jean. "Four Practical Steps to Achieving Cost-Effective Employee Health Promotion Programs." Employment Relations Today. Summer 1992.

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