SIC 2284

Establishments in this classification are primarily engaged in manufacturing thread from cotton, silk, manmade fibers, wool, or similar animal fibers. Important products in this category include sewing, crochet, darning, embroidery, tatting, hand knitting, and other handicraft threads. Establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing thread from flax, hemp, and ramie are included in SIC 2299: Textile Goods, Not Elsewhere Classified.

NAICS Code(s)

313113 (Thread Mills)

313312 (Textile and Fabric Finishing (except Broad-woven Fabric) Mills)

The thread industry saw sales decline throughout the late 1990s and early 2000s, with an estimated $410 million worth of products shipped in 2001, compared to $725 million in 1998. The largest component of this category is sewing thread, purchased mainly by the apparel industry. American & Efird, Inc. of Mount Holly, North Carolina, with 2003 sales of $293 million, and Coats North America Consolidated Inc. of Charlotte, North Carolina, with 2003 sales of $334 million, were the largest manufacturers of thread.

SIC 2284 Thread Mills

Along with the decline in sales, total thread industry employment figures dropped from 3,595 in 1997 to an estimated 3,120 in 2000. Employment of machinery operators in the textile industry as a whole was expected to decline through the year 2006 because of changing trade regulations and labor saving machinery. Hourly production workers in thread mills earned less, on average, than many of their counterparts in other industries, with pay scales increasing slightly from $7.34 in 1992 to $9.93 in 2000. States with the most thread mills and the highest number of employees in this industry included North Carolina, Massachusetts, and Georgia.

Like most segments of the textile industry, the U.S. thread sector continued to deal with increased international competition as well as a weak domestic economy in the early 2000s. However, the future for thread sales appeared to be good, with natural fibers outselling manmade fibers as demand for carpet, apparel, and household furnishings recovered along with the economy.

Further Reading

U.S. Census Bureau. "Statistics for Industry Groups and Industries: 2000." February 2002. Available from .

——. "Value of Shipment for Product Classes: 2001 and Earlier Years." December 2002. Available from .

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